Macronutrients are the nutrients that your body uses for energy. Macronutrients consist of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. While each of these macronutrients provides calories, the amount of calories that each one provides varies:
- Carbohydrate provides 4 calories per gram.
- Protein provides 4 calories per gram.
- Fat provides 9 calories per gram.
The three major types of carbohydrates are Simple Carbohydrates, Complex Carbohydrates, and Fiber.
- Simple carbohydrates are sometime called simple sugars, mainly because they contain either natural or added sugar. Our focus is to intake all simple carbohydrates in the form of naturally occurring sugars rather than processed or refined sugars.
- Complex carbohydrates, called starches, are carbs that are made from several linked strings or chains of sugars. Complex carbs are often healthier than simple carbs because in addition to being starchy, they also provide you with some of your dietary fiber. Our focus is to intake complex carbs in the form of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Fiber is the third type of carbohydrate, it falls into the complex carb category but does not act like the other two forms of carbs. Your body can’t completely digest fiber, so it can help promote regular digestion. Our focus is to consume a healthy about of fiber naturally through the foods in our diet.
Protein is a very important part of a healthy diet. Protein is needed to repair and create new cells, tissues, hormones, enzymes and muscles and a lack of protein can prevent these processes from being carried out correctly. Basically proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids. There are 22 different types of amino acid and the body needs all of them to function properly. The average body needs 1 gram per kilogram of body weight, so rough estimate is about half your bodyweight in grams of protein. Our focus is to consume protein from natural foods like meat, eggs, dairy, and a variety of vegan options.
Fats play a huge role in helping you manage your moods, stay on top of your mental game, fight fatigue, and even control your weight. The answer isn’t cutting out the fat—it’s learning to make healthy choices and to replace bad fats with good ones that promote health and well-being. Fats include foods such as oils, butter and nuts, and are also found in meats and certain fish. When following the macronutrient diet, strive to obtain your fat calories from sources low in cholesterol. Plant and nut derived oils do not contain cholesterol; some, such as flax seed oil, contain omega fatty acids, which may provide health benefits. Our focus is to consume from natural sources like nuts, nut butters, avocados, and plant derived oils.